Police Encounter Do’s and Don’ts


I’d like to share a message I recently received. Why? Because our unique business card helped this gentleman navigate multiple police encounters and kept him out of jail.

Here at Bay Justice Associates we don’t have typical business cards… our folded business cards feature three pages of great advice on what to do in police encounters. 

Here is his message.




Many citizens aren’t aware of what one should and shouldn’t do when dealing with police, and cops know this.  So the next time you’re stopped or questioned, having our business card handy could make all the difference.


*The following has been formatted for web. 


Auto Accidents

1) Get the name, address and phone number of the other driver and all witnesses;

2) Make notes on the accident, covering who, what, why, when, where, and how.

3) Do not discuss the accident with the other driver;

4) Do not take any blame for the accident; and

5) Call us for a free consultation at 989-894-1155.

Three Lines You Must Know During Police Encounters

1) Officer, am I free to go?

2) Officer, I do not consent to any searches.  Then ask:  Am I free to go now?

3) Officer, I want to speak with an attorney.

If You Are Arrested

  • Do not answer any questions or make any statements, except to say that you want to speak with a lawyer ASAP. Bay Justice Associates can help.
  • The amount of your bond is not set in stone. Call us to try to have your bond reduced.  It may be reduced dramatically, or a bond may not be required.       But if you make a deal with a bonding agency, you won’t get any money back.


Constitutional Rights When Dealing With Police

  • Do not answer questions or make statements. Exercise your 5th Amendment right to remain silent.  Anything you say (and sometimes things you don’t say) will be used against you.  So say nothing, and then no one can claim you said something you never stated.  If asked about whether something belongs to you, tell the officer to please not ask about your ownership interest in anything.  If asked where you are going or where you came from, tell the officer to please not question you about your personal affairs.  State: “If I am not presently under arrest or being held for investigation, please allow me to leave.”
  • Never give permission for a search.   Anytime. If you do, you waive your 4th Amendment right against unreasonable searches.
  • Ask for Attorney Ed Czuprynski. When you ask for a lawyer, the officer knows she/he is supposed to stop questioning you under the 6th Amendment.  Ask for Attorney Ed Czuprynski and keep asking until the questioning stops.
  • Never open your door to the police. If you do, a cop may claim to see or smell something, giving her/him the right to order you out of your home while she/he tries to get a search warrant. If you do not open the door, she/he cannot do that.


D R I N K I N G    &    D R I V I N G

Keep reg. & proof/ins. easily available.  If pulled over, ask why you were stopped.  If asked where you are coming from or going, state: “Please don’t question me about my personal affairs.”  If asked if something in the car belongs to you, state: “Please do not ask about my ownership interest in anything.”  If asked if you’ve been drinking…and you have, then state :  “Officer, please quit questioning me about my personal affairs.”  If such questioning persists, state: “If I’m not presently under arrest, please allow me to leave.”   Never give permission to search your car.  (See inside)         Decline to do roadside sobriety tests (heel-to-toe, etc).  You may decline without penalty — no license points, civil fine, or charges! Decline PBT: If asked to blow into a preliminary breath test (PBT) device, again decline.  The officer may warn you that you’ll get a ticket for not blowing, but that’s okay.  It’s only a civil fine — no points or prosecution will result. Without a sobriety test or PBT:  The officer is less likely to request a breath test at the station.  If asked, however, you can “Just Say No,” only now you’ll get six points and lose your license for a year (which may be restored through court).  However, the officer is now less likely to secure a search warrant to draw your blood.

Bay Justice Associates, P.C. @2007


Request a free business card by calling 1-989-894-1155 or stopping by the Bay Justice Building at 814 N. Monroe St in Downtown Bay City, MI

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